无论是在留学准备阶段还是留学就读阶段中,essay都是同学们需要面对的写作任务。本期《招生官说》,我们一起来看看芝加哥大学招生团队的招生顾问兼哥大校友Simone老师有什么能够分享给我们的Essay写作技巧吧.在这篇文章中,我打算向大家分享一些文章写作的技巧。起初,我想把文章的重点聚焦在申请essay上,但由于这个学期也快要结束,很多同学可能正苦于赶课程论文的DDL。所以我决定:文章内容不会局限于大学申请essay这一方面。希望这篇文章对正在赶课程论文的同学,以及正在准备大学申请论文的同学都能有所帮助!代essay写了解下!

澳洲最优代写

确保没有偏题

“不要跑题”看似理所当然,但却有很多人常在这上面栽跟头。我读过好几篇申请essay,申请者们往往都是答非所问。这也让我感到内疚。在撰写文章时,需要关注很多方面:文章的结构、表明细节、语法等。但有些时候,同学们由于过于重视这些问题,而忘记了审题,以致最终都没能回答到点子上,又或者只是简短地回答了问题,然后转向谈论其他没有太多关联的事情。

如何有效避免偏题?我的建议是:在写文章的其他部分前,先明确论文的中心思想,写好中心论点。根据所写文章的类型不同,论文的观点可能有点含糊不清,但也有可能会更加明确。

但无论如何,重要的是:论文有一个明确的中心论点。中心论文完成后,可以试着问问自己:“这篇论文的陈述是否满足了作文要求,回答了所提出的问题?”如果答案是“是”,那么就可以放心了,你的文章没有跑题。从那里开始,每当完成一个段落的写作时,重读文章的中心论点,确保你所写的内容支持该论点。或许文章完成后同学们也会反复检查,对论文进行修改(事实上,我也经常这样做。),但每次你还需要特别去核对所写内容并没有偏题。

 

不要跳过写作的构思阶段

在写论文之前,我总是花一些时间来构思文章大纲。首先,我会尝试大致提取出一些打算作为我论文主要内容的段落。然后,我记下每个段落要使用的论据,并为附上一个简短的说明,说明我打算如何在论证中使用该证据。

这似乎是多余的工作,但实际上会为之后的写作省下大量的时间——你无需反复考虑下一步该怎么做,有效避免了编写流程中断。概述还可以帮助你保持一定的写作进度,并且能够提醒你文章的主要内容和重要事项,避免重复使用已经出现过的论点,又或是忘记或忽略了一些重要的观点。无论同学们写的是哪种类型的论文,概述都可以让整个写作过程变得更加轻松。

 

至少修订一次文章内容

如果有人告诉我:他提交的文章是初稿,并且从来没有回顾、修订过文章内容的时候,我真的非常抓狂。要知道,我曾试过在上交论文终稿之前,打了九份草稿(直到今天,我的朋友们还是以此为乐)。当然,同学们并不需要和我一样修改这么多次,但是你可以在1-9份之间选取一个修订的次数。

事实上,当你重新浏览自己的文章时,总能够发现一些细微的错误,例如语法错误,甚至是单词拼写错误。此外,回顾论文还可以帮助你注意到内容表述上的问题。你不需要在回顾文章时进行十分彻底的检查,但即便是一些微小的修改,也会让文章看起来增色不少。

 

尽早开始写作任务

如果你想写第二稿,请给自己足够的时间。我也明白,“尽早开始”说起来容易但做起来难。我可以在两份草稿中都表现得全力以赴,但是尽早开始写论文可以使事情变得更容易。除了有足够的时间进行第二稿外,你也不会有过多的压力。迄今为止,我最大的遗憾之一就是当初没有提早开始写申请essay。如果当时我提前开始写作,那么在学年开始的时候,甚至在高三之前的夏天结束时我就不会因为倍感压力而闷闷不乐了。

这一条建议同样适用于学校的课程论文任务。你当然不可能提前几个月就开始准备课程要求的论文写作任务(除非是IB扩展论文),但即使是在你收到论文题目后就提早开始集思广益,也会对你后续的写作产生巨大的影响。

 

可以寻求帮助,但要保持自己的观点

为获得更高质量的论文,写作时向他人请教是个不错的注意。在你正式提交论文前,让其他人(老师或同学)阅读·、浏览一遍你所写的东西总是有帮助的。因为当你撰写论文时,你可能会一股脑儿地扎进材料堆中,沉迷其中无可自拔,可能一下无法注意到一些写作错误。

让别人阅读你的文章,不仅可以帮助你发现错误,还能够助你有所改进。但需要注意的是,确保向合适的人寻求建议,也就是说,你要考虑谁最有资格审阅特定类型的论文。打个比方,老师和辅导员都是很好的资源,但是在为课堂上的论文任务寻求帮助时,前者能够给你提供更多的帮助;但当你想了解撰写大学申请essay需要注意的事项时,请教后者会是更好的选择。

需求帮助是可行的,但无论如何都要记住,撰写论文时,你仍需要忠于自己的声音。采纳他人的建议可能会有所帮助,但归根结底,最终的作品应该要能够展现属于你自己的独特的声音。

 

享受写作!

有时候说起来容易做起来难,但是你应该尽最大努力去享受写作。有时候,你可能不得不去写一些你不感兴趣的东西,但是面对这种情况,你要学会找到一种使自己兴奋起来的方法。此外,如果你需要在多个题目之间做出选择(例如我们学校所提供的“Uncommon Essay”),不要一味地选择写那个听起来最容易的。选择你自己有信心,并且能够完成得很好的题目吧!我可以负责任地告诉你,当我做一些令我兴奋的事情时,我的写作状态总是更好的。我想大部分人也是如此。

和论文写作有关的内容还有很多,尽管本文章的建议并不详尽,但我希望它们对你来说会是一个很好的写作起点(或是提醒!)无论你撰写论文的目的是什么,祝愿你们都一切顺利!现在就开始写作吧!

Ref:

Simone S. (2020, May 22). Essay Writing Tips [Blog post]. Retrieved from https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/uncommon-blog/essay-writing-tips

英文原文

Essay Writing Tips

As a former English and Spanish major, I have written a lot of essays. A lot. And as an admissions counselor, I’ve had the opportunity to read more essays than I’ve written in my entire life.

I really enjoy reading and writing (and even editing) essays, so for this post I thought I’d give you all some essay writing tips. I was initially planning to specifically focus on college application essays, but since it’s the end of the school year and many of you are probably working on final essays for some of your classes, I thought I’d broaden my advice a little bit. Hopefully you’ll find each of these tips helpful, whether you’re working on an essay for an English class or for a college application!

1. Make sure you actually answer the prompt.

This piece of advice might seem very obvious, but it’s something that often trips people up. I’ve read several essays where people don’t actually answer the question that was posed. I’ve even been guilty of this at times. There are a lot of things you have to focus on when you write an essay: structure, gathering details, grammar, etc. Sometimes people get so focused on all of those things that they never end up actually answering the prompt, or they briefly address the prompt and then veer off to talk about something that’s only tangentially related. One way of tackling this problem that I’ve found helpful is making sure to write your thesis statement before you write any other part of the essay. Depending on the type of essay you’re writing, this thesis may be a little bit vaguer or a little bit more explicit; the important thing is that your essay does have a central “point.” Once you’ve done that, ask yourself: “Does this thesis statement answer the prompt?” If it does, you’re on the right track! From there, each time you finish a paragraph, come back to that thesis statement and make sure that what you’ve written supports it. You may end up needing to tweak your thesis as you write and examine your evidence more closely (this almost always happens to me), but each time you do, double-check to make sure that it still answers the essay’s prompt.

2. Don’t skip the pre-writing process.

Before I write an essay, I always take some time to outline. First, I try to come up with a rough number of paragraphs that I want my essay to be. From there, I make a note of the evidence I’ll be using for each paragraph and write a brief description for myself of how I’m planning to use that evidence in my argument. This may seem like extra work, but it actually saves a lot of time later on in the process. You don’t have to think about what you should be doing next while you’re writing, which saves you from having your writing flow interrupted. Outlining also helps you stay on track and keeps you from repeating points you’ve already used earlier in the essay or leaving important things out. No matter what kind of essay you’re writing, outlining is sure to make the overall process easier.

3. Do at least one round of edits.

It drives me absolutely crazy when people tell me that they submitted a first draft without even looking it over once. One time, I edited nine different drafts of a paper before I turned it in (my friends still make fun of me about this to this day). I wouldn’t recommend doing this, but there is a happy medium to be found between nine drafts and one draft. To state the obvious, giving an essay at least a second read will help you catch small errors like grammar mistakes. It can also help you notice problems with the content. Hopefully you won’t have to do a complete overhaul with your second draft, but even doing some light editing can make the paper a million times better.

4. Start early.

If you want to write a second draft, it’s important to give yourself enough time to do so. I know it’s easier said than done to start something early. I can procrastinate with the best of them, but starting an essay early makes things easier all around. In addition to having enough time to do a second draft, you’ll also be less stressed. One of my biggest regrets to this day is not starting my college application essays earlier. I could have saved myself a lot of stress and worry by starting them a bit earlier in the school year, or maybe even toward the end of the summer before my senior year. The same thing applies to essays for school. It’s unlikely you’ll start working on any essays for your classes months in advance (unless it’s something like an IB Extended Essay), but even just starting to brainstorm ideas as soon as you get the prompt for an essay can make a huge difference.

5. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, but don’t let your voice get lost.

Getting help with your essays is always a great idea. Whether you ask a peer or a teacher to look at an essay before you submit the final version, getting a second pair of eyes on something you’ve written is always helpful. When you write an essay, you can get so entrenched in the material that you’re not able to see the mistakes anymore. Having someone else look at the essay can help you catch errors and see things that aren’t necessarily bad but could use some improvement. It’s also important to make sure that you ask the appropriate person for advice. Another way of putting that is to think about who is the most qualified to look at a particular essay. For example, teachers and counselors are both great resources, but the former is probably a better person to ask for help with essays for class, while the latter is definitely who you should go to for help with college essays. With all of that being said, you also need to stay true to your own voice when you’re writing an essay. Taking the advice of others can be helpful, but at the end of the day, it should be your work and your unique voice that is showcased in the final product.

6. Have fun with it!

This can be easier said than done at times, but you should try your best to have fun with whatever it is you’re writing. Sometimes you might have to write about something that’s not super interesting to you, but try to find some way to psych yourself up and get excited. And if you do have a choice between multiple prompts (like for our Uncommon Essay), don’t just go for the one that sounds the easiest. Go for the one that most stands out to you! I can tell you that my writing was always miles better when I was working on something that I was excited about.

There’s a lot more that goes into essay writing, so this list of tips isn’t exhaustive, but hopefully they are a good starting point (or reminder!) for you. Best of luck to all of you essay writers out there, no matter what you’re writing your essay for! Now get writing!

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