佛洛伊德(1981)指出,梦是一种具有某种意义的现象,可以帮助我们增加对意识生活的理解。弗洛伊德被认为是有史以来第一个出版关于梦的书的作者。在佛洛伊德的原始概念(1981)中,梦的作用是通过隐藏的欲望来保持睡眠,这种欲望被压抑,从而产生愉悦原则。弗洛伊德提出,梦的显性和隐性内容是不同的。显性内容是指在梦境中被记住的叙事内容。潜在的内容是梦的潜在意义。弗洛伊德认为,每个梦都至少与前一天的一次经历有关。弗洛伊德将睡眠状态定义为本我的无意识思想试图进入意识意识的混沌时期(弗洛伊德,1949年,第38页)。梦是由本我或自我发展而来,为了解释梦,你必须弄清楚哪一种精神装置正在被使用。佛洛伊德认为,梦无疑是由冲突引起的,其特征是唤起了做梦者可能已经忘记的记忆。本我试图让无意识的想法变成有意识的想法。总之,梦的分析是一种治疗技术,用来尝试和获得更多关于无意识材料的信息。

澳洲墨尔本心理学代写:生活的理解

Freud (1981) stated that dreams are a phenomenon that carried some sort of meaning that can help increase the understanding of our conscious life. Freud is known as the first ever author to publish a book about dreams. In Freud’s original concept (1981) dreams serve to preserve sleep through covert desires that are repressed which result in a pleasure principal.Freud advanced the idea that their can be differences between manifest and latent content of dreams. The manifest content refers to content that is remembered narrative that plays itself out in dreams. The latent content is the underlying meaning of ones dreams. Freud argued that every dream has a connection with at least one experience of the previous day.Freud defines that states of sleep as a period of chaos in which the unconscious thoughts of the id attempt to make their way into the conscious mind (Freud, 1949, p.38). Dreams are developed from either the id or the ego, and in order to interpret a dream one must figure out which psychical apparatus is being used. Freud believes that dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict, characterized by the power that brought up memories that a dreamer may have forgotten .Dreams is the id’s way of connecting itself to the ego and superego. The id is trying to get the unconscious thoughts to make since of the conscious thoughts. Dream analysis in conclusion is a therapeutic technique used to try and get more information on the unconscious materials.

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